English Grammar and Punctuation
LO: I can use a colon after a main clause to introduce a list.
Over the next two weeks, we will explore the use of colons and semi-colons. Opportunities to use these punctuation marks are often missed when writing because you may not have a secure understanding of how to use them correctly. Set yourself the challenge to feel confident using these punctuation marks!
Your writing will become more sophisticated if you can control the flow of your sentences with the correct punctuation.
This week, we will start with the use of COLONS.
Watch this short video which explores how colons are used to introduce lists.
KEY QUESTION: What do you notice about the clause that comes BEFORE the colon?
Compare these two examples. One uses a colon correctly and the other does not.
1. The ingredients are: eggs, flour and milk.
2. A variety of fruits are required to make a fruit salad: pineapple, strawberries and a melon.
The first example is incorrect.
Can you see why?
KEY LEARNING POINT: There needs to be a MAIN CLAUSE (part of a sentence that makes sense on its own) before the colon.
In the first example, 'The ingredients are:' is not a main clause.
In the second example, 'A variety of fruits are required to make a fruit salad:' is a main clause because it makes sense on its own.
Check your understanding by completing the following task. The answers are given below.